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## Texas Go Math Grade 4 Lesson 9.4 Answer Key Estimate Quotients Using Compatible Numbers

**Essential Question**

How can you use compatible numbers to estimate quotients?

Answer:

we can use the compatible numbers to estimate quotient.

we can choose the number that is close to the dividend and easy to divide by the divisor.

**Unlock the Problem**

A horse’s heart beats 132 times in 3 minutes. About how many times does it beat in 1 minute?

You can use compatible numbers to estimate quotients.

Compatible numbers are numbers that are easy to compute mentally.

• Will a horse’s heart beat more or fewer than 132 times in 1 minute?

Answer:

Yes

Explanation:

132 ÷ 3 = 44

44 times in 1 minute

compatible numbers can use compatible numbers to estimate quotients

if compatible number 120

120 ÷ 3 = 40

if compatible number 150

150 ÷ 3 = 50

• What operation will you use to solve the problem?

Answer:

Division ‘÷’

Explanation:

Division operation will you use to solve the problem.

The division is a method of distributing a group of things into equal parts.

**Example 1**

Estimate. 132 ÷ 3

STEP 1 Find a number close to 132 that divides easily by 3. Use basic facts.

12 ÷ 3 is a basic fact. 120 divides easily by 3.

15 ÷ 3 is a basic fact. 150 divides easily by 3.

Think: Choose 120 because it is closer to 132.

Answer:

120 ÷ 3 = 40

STEP 2 Use place value.

120 = ___________ tens

12 ÷ 3 = ___________

12 tens ÷ 3 = __________ tens

120 ÷ 3 = __________

Answer: 40

120 = 12 tens

12 ÷ 3 = 4

12 tens ÷ 3 = 4 tens

120 ÷ 3 = 40

So, a horse’s heart beats about ___________ times a minute

Answer: 40 times

Explanation:

120 = 12 tens

12 ÷ 3 = 4

12 tens ÷ 3 = 4 tens

120 ÷ 3 = 40

**Example 2** Use compatible numbers to find two estimates that the quotient is between. 1,382 ÷ 5

STEP 1 Find two numbers close to 1,382 that divide easily by 5.

___________ ÷ 5 is a basic fact.

1,000 divides easily by 5.

___________ ÷ 5 is a basic fact.

1500 divides easily by 5.

1,382 is between ___________ and ___________.

So, 1,382 ÷ 5 is between ___________ and ___________.

Answer:

10 ÷ 5 is a basic fact.

1,000 divides easily by 5.

15 ÷ 5 is a basic fact.

1500 divides easily by 5.

1,382 is between 1000 and 1500.

So, 1,382 ÷ 5 is between 1000 and 1500.

STEP 2 Divide each number by 5. Use place value. 1,000 ÷ 5

___________ hundreds ÷ 5 = ___________ hundreds, or ___________ 1,500 ÷ 5

___________ hundreds ÷ 5 = ___________ hundreds, or ___________

Answer:

15 hundreds ÷ 5 = 3 hundreds, or 1,500 ÷ 5

10 hundreds ÷ 5 = 2 hundreds, or 1000 ÷ 5

Explanation:

10 ÷ 5 is a basic fact.

1,000 divides easily by 5.

15 ÷ 5 is a basic fact.

1500 divides easily by 5.

1,382 is between 1000 and 1500.

So, 1,382 ÷ 5 is between 1000 and 1500.

**Math Talk**

Mathematical Processes

Explain which estimate you think is more reasonable.

Answer:

Basic fact method of thinking is more reasonable.

To find a value that is close enough to the right answer, usually with some thought or calculation involved is called Estimate.

**Share and Show**

Question 1.

Estimate. 1,718 ÷ 4

__________ is close to 1,718.

__________ is close to 1718.

Choose 1,600 because ___________________

Think: What number close to 1,718 is easy to divide by 4?

What basic fact can you use? __________ ÷ 4

What basic fact can you use? __________ ÷ 4

16 ÷ 4 = ___________

1600 ÷ ___________ = ___________

1,718 ÷ 4 is about ___________

Answer: 400

Estimate. 1,718 ÷ 4

1600 is close to 1,718.

1800 is close to 1718.

Choose 1,600 because ___________________

Think: What number close to 1,718 is easy to divide by 4?

What basic fact can you use? 16 ÷ 4

What basic fact can you use? 1600 ÷ 4

16 ÷ 4 = 4

1600 ÷ 4 = 400

1,718 ÷ 4 is about 400

Explanation:

STEP 1 Find a number close to 1,718 that divides easily by 4. Use basic facts.

STEP 2 Divide each number by 4. Use place value. 1,000 ÷ 4

**Math Talk**

Mathematical Processes

Explain how your estimate change if the problem were 1,918 ÷ 4

Answer: 500

Estimate. 1,918 ÷ 4

1,800 is close to 1,918.

2,000 is close to 1,918.

Choose 2,000 because compatible number

Explanation:

STEP 1 Find a number close to 1,918 that divides easily by 4. Use basic facts.

STEP 2 Divide each number by 4. Use place value. 1,000 ÷ 4

Think: What number close to 1,918 is easy to divide by 4?

What basic fact can you use? 20 ÷ 4

What basic fact can you use? 2,000 ÷ 4

20 ÷ 4 = 5

2,000 ÷ 4 = 500

1,918 ÷ 4 is about 500

**Use compatible numbers to estimate the quotient.**

Question 2.

455 ÷ 9

Answer: 50

Estimate. 450 ÷ 9

450 is close to 455.

Choose 450 because compatible number

Explanation:

STEP 1 Find a number close to 455 that divides easily by 9. Use basic facts.

STEP 2 Divide each number by 9. Use place value. 100÷ 9

Think: What number close to 455 is easy to divide by 9

What basic fact can you use? 45 ÷ 9

What basic fact can you use? 450 ÷ 9

45 ÷ 9 = 5

450 ÷ 9 = 50

455 ÷ 9 is about 50

Question 3.

1,509 ÷ 3

Answer: 500

Explanation:

Estimate. 1,509 ÷ 3

1500 is close to 1,509.

Choose 1500 because compatible number

Think: What number close to 1500 is easy to divide by 3

What basic fact can you use? 15 ÷ 3

What basic fact can you use? 1500 ÷ 3

15 ÷ 3 = 5

1500 ÷ 3 = 500

1500 ÷ 3 is about 500

Question 4.

176 ÷ 8

Answer: 20

Explanation:

Estimate. 176 ÷ 8

160 is close to 176.

Choose 160 because compatible number

Think: What number close to 160 is easy to divide by 8

What basic fact can you use? 16 ÷ 8

What basic fact can you use? 160 ÷ 8

16 ÷ 8 = 2

160 ÷ 8 = 20

176 ÷ 8 is about 20

Question 5.

2,795 ÷ 7

Answer: 400

Explanation:

Estimate. 2,795 ÷ 7

2,800 is close to 2,795.

Choose 2800 because compatible number

Think: What number close to 2800 is easy to divide by 7

What basic fact can you use? 28 ÷ 7

What basic fact can you use? 2800 ÷ 7

28 ÷ 7 = 4

2800 ÷ 7 = 400

2,795 ÷ 7 is about 400

**Problem Solving**

**Algebra Estimate to compare. Write <, >, or =.**

Question 6.

Answer:

Explanation:

Estimate. 613 ÷ 3

200 is close to 204.

Estimate. 581÷ 2

250 is close to 290.

So, 200 is less than 250.

Question 7.

Answer:

Explanation:

Estimate. 364 ÷ 4

90 is close to 91.

Estimate. 117 ÷ 6

20 is close to 21.

So, 90 is greater than 20

Question 8.

Answer:

Explanation:

Estimate. 2,718 ÷ 8

300 is close to 339.

Estimate. 963 ÷ 2

450 is close to 481.

So, 300 is less than 450

Question 9.

Mr. Morrison put 4,689 miles on his car the first 6 months he owned it. if he drove the same number of miles each month, about how many miles did he drive in one month? Use compatible numbers to find two estimates that the quotient is between.

Answer:

About 800 miles.

Explanation:

Estimate. 4,689 ÷ 6

4,800 is close to 4,689.

Choose 4800 because compatible number

Think: What number close to 4800 is easy to divide by 6

What basic fact can you use? 48 ÷ 6

What basic fact can you use? 4,800 ÷ 6

48 ÷ 6 = 8

4800 ÷ 6 = 800

4,689 ÷ 6 is about 800

Question 10.

**Multi-Step** Leigh wants to buy a bike for $429 and a helmet for $38. If she saves S8 a week, about how many weeks will it take her to save the money to buy the bike and helmet?

Answer:

about 60weeks

$429 + $38 = $467

Explanation:

Estimate. 467 ÷ 8

480 is close to 467.

Choose 480 because compatible number

Think: What number close to 480 is easy to divide by 8

What basic fact can you use? 48 ÷ 8

What basic fact can you use? 480 ÷ 8

48 ÷ 8 = 6

480 ÷ 8 = 60

480 ÷ 8 is about 60

**Problem Solving**

**Use the table for 11-14.**

Question 11.

About how many times does a chicken’s heart beat in 1 minute?

Answer:

275 times does a chicken’s heart beat in 1 minute

Explanation:

Number of heart beats of chicken in 5 minutes

1375 ÷ 5 = 275

275 times does a chicken’s heart beat in 1 minute

Question 12.

Multi-Step About how many 6 times does a cow’s heart beat in 2 minutes?

Answer:

about more then 20

Explanation:

Cow heart beat in 5 minutes

325 ÷ 5

65 times per minute

65 x 2 =130

130 ÷ 6 = 21.6

Question 13.

**H.O.T.** About how many times faster does a cow’s heart beat than a whale’s?

Answer:

Cow heart beat is about more than 3 times faster than whale.

Explanation:

Cow heart beat in 5 minutes

325 ÷ 5 = 21.6

whale heart beat in 5 minutes

31 ÷ 5 = 6.2

Cow heart beat is about more then 3 times faster then whale

Question 14.

Write Math What’s the Question? The answer is about 100 beats in 1 minute.

Answer:

Which animal heart beat is more then 100 times in minute?

Explanation:

Dog heart beat in 5minutes

520 ÷ 5 =104

So, Dog heart beat is 100 in 1 minute.

Question 15.

Use Tools Jamie and his two brothers divided a package of 126 toy cars equally. About how many cars did each of them receive?

Answer:

42 toy cars

Explanation:

Jamie and his two brothers divided a package of 126 toy cars equally.

Number of cars each of them receive

126 ÷ 3 = 42

Question 16.

**H.O.T. Multi-Step** Martha had 154 stamps and her sister had 248 stamps. They combined their collections and put the stamps in an album. If they put 8 stamps on each page, about how many pages would they need?

Answer:

about 51 pages needed

Explanation:

Martha had 154 stamps and her sister had 248 stamps.

They combined their collections and put the stamps in an album.

154 + 248 = 402

If they put 8 stamps on each page,

Total pages they need

400 ÷ 8 = 50

**Daily Assessment Task**

**Fill in the bubble completely to show your answer.**

Question 17.

Reasoning Dakota has 105 quills that she will use to make bracelets. She needs 4 quills for each. About how many bracelets can she make?

(A) about 20

(B) about 29

(C) about 16

(D) about 25

Answer:

Option (D)

Explanation:

Dakota has 105 quills that she will use to make bracelets.

She needs 4 quills for each.

Number of bracelets she can make

105 ÷ 4

Question 18.

Nick and his three friends divided 252 cards equally. About how many cards did each of them receive?

(A) about 55

(B) about 20

(C) about 60

(D) about 380

Answer:

Option (C)

Explanation:

Nick and his three friends divided 252 cards equally.

Number of cards each of them receive

252 ÷ 4 = 63

Question 19.

**Multi-Step** A carpenter has 168 doorknobs in his workshop. of those doorknobs, 96 are round and the rest are square. If he wants to place 7 square doorknobs in each bin, about how many bins would he need?

(A) about 7

(B) about 23

(C) about 10

(D) about 13

Answer: Option (C)

Explanation:

A carpenter has 168 doorknobs in his workshop,

of those doorknobs, 96 are round and the rest are square.

168 – 96 = 72

If he wants to place 7 square doorknobs in each bin,

Total bins he need

72 ÷ 7 = about 10

**TEXAS Test Prep**

Question 20.

A monkey’s heart beats 1,152 times in 6 minutes. Which is the best estimate of the number of times the monkey’s heart beats in 1 minute?

(A) about 1,000

(B) about 200

(C) about 100

(D) about 2,000

Answer:

Option(B)

Explanation:

A monkey’s heart beats 1,152 times in 6 minutes.

The best estimate of the number of times the monkey’s heart beats in 1 minute

1,152 ÷ 6 = 192

Estimate: 200

### Texas Go Math Grade 4 Lesson 9.4 Homework and Practice Answer Key

**Use compatible numbers to estimate the quotient.**

Question 1.

486 ÷ 6

Answer: 80

Explanation:

Compatible numbers are close in value to the actual numbers that make estimating the answer and computing problems easier.

486 ÷ 6

480 ÷ 6 = 80

Question 2.

2,239 ÷ 7

Answer: 300

Explanation:

Compatible numbers are close in value to the actual numbers that make estimating the answer and computing problems easier.

2,239÷ 7

2,100 ÷ 7 = 300

Question 3.

2,930 ÷ 4

Answer: 700

Explanation:

Compatible numbers are close in value to the actual numbers that make estimating the answer and computing problems easier.

2,940 ÷ 4

2,800 ÷ 4 = 700

Question 4.

5,216 ÷ 8

Answer: 650

Explanation:

Compatible numbers are close in value to the actual numbers that make estimating the answer and computing problems easier.

5,216 ÷ 8

5,200 ÷ 8 = 650

Question 5.

396 ÷ 7

Answer: 60

Explanation:

Compatible numbers are close in value to the actual numbers that make estimating the answer and computing problems easier.

396 ÷ 7

420 ÷ 7 = 60

Question 6.

1,739 ÷ 9

Answer: 200

Explanation:

Compatible numbers are close in value to the actual numbers that make estimating the answer and computing problems easier.

1,739÷ 9

1,800 ÷ 9

1,800 ÷ 9 = 200

**Estimate to compare. Write <, >, or =.**

Question 7.

Answer:

Explanation:

Estimate. 264 ÷ 9

30 is close to 29.

Estimate. 458 ÷ 5

90 is close to 91.

So, 30 is less than 90

Question 8.

Answer:

Explanation:

Estimate. 2,805 ÷ 4

700 is close to 701.

Estimate. 3,592 ÷ 6

600 is close to 658.

So, 700 is greater than 600

Question 9.

Answer:

Explanation:

Estimate. 719 ÷ 8

90 is close to 89.

Estimate. 176 ÷ 2

90 is close to 88.

So, 90 is equal to 90

Question 10.

Answer:

Explanation:

Estimate. 2,501 ÷ 4

600 is close to 625.

Estimate. 1,486 ÷ 3

500 is close to 495.

So, 600 is greater than 500

**Problem Solving**

Question 11.

George stacked 126 boxes in a truck in 3 hours. About how many boxes per hour did he stack?

Answer:

about 40 boxes per hour

Explanation:

George stacked 126 boxes in a truck in 3 hours.

Number of boxes per hour he stack

basic fact you can use to estimate

126 ÷ 3 = 42

120 ÷ 3 = 40

Question 12.

Casey stacked 441 books equally on 9 shelves. About how many books are on each shelf?

Answer:

about 50 boos are on each shelf

Explanation:

Casey stacked 441 books equally on 9 shelves.

Number of books on each shelf

basic fact you can use to estimate

441 ÷ 9

450 ÷ 9 = 50

**Lesson Check**

**Fill in the bubble completely to show your answer.**

Question 13.

Marcie vent to the golf course to practice putting. If she made 372 putts in 4 hours, about how many putts did she make each hour?

(A) about 70

(B) about 100

(C) about 80

(D) about 90

Answer:

Option (D)

Explanation:

Marcie made 372 putts in 4 hours,

Number of putts she make each hour

372 ÷ 4

basic fact you can you to estimate

36 ÷ 4 = 9

360 ÷ 4 = 90

Question 14.

‘Wendy and Bother members of her scout troop sold a total of 2,684 boxes of cookies. About how many boxes did each member sell if each scout sold about the same number of boxes?

(A) about 500

(B) about 300

(C) about 400

(D) about 200

Answer:

Option(A)

Explanation:

‘Wendy and Bother members of her scout troop sold a total of 2,684 boxes of cookies.

Total boxes each member sell, if each scout sold about the same number of boxes

basic fact you can use to estimate

25 ÷ 5 = 5

2500 ÷ 5 = 500

Question 15.

Mr. Danielson drove 1,998 miles for his job last week. If he drove about the same number of miles each day, about how many miles did he drive each of the 7 days?

(A) about 500 miles

(B) about 300 miles

(C) about 400 miles

(D) about 200 miles

Answer:

Option(B)

Explanation:

Mr. Danielson drove 1,998 miles for his job last week.

If he drove about the same number of miles each day,

Number of miles he drive each of the 7 days

1998 ÷ 7

basic fact you can use to estimate

21 ÷ 7 = 3

2100 ÷ 7 = 300

Question 16.

Sharon has 572 sheets of construction paper to make autograph books for the business fair. Each book will use 8 sheets of paper. About how many books can Sharon make?

(A) about 70

(B) about 60

(C) about 80

(D) about 50

Answer:

Option(A)

Explanation:

Sharon has 572 sheets of construction paper to make autograph books for the business fair.

Each book will use 8 sheets of paper.

Number of books can Sharon make

572 ÷ 8

basic fact you can use to estimate

56 ÷ 8 = 7

560 ÷ 8 = 70

Question 17.

**Multi-Step** A total of 8,644 people went to the football game. of those people, 5,100 sat on the home side and the rest sat on the visitor’s side. If they filled 8 equal-sized sections on the visitor’s side, about how many people sat in each of these sections?

(A) about 500

(B) about 600

(C) about 1,100

(D) about 400

Answer:

option(D)

Explanation:

A total of 8,644 people went to the football game,

of those people, 5,100 sat on the home side and the rest sat on the visitor’s side.

8644 – 5100 = 3544

If they filled 8 equal-sized sections on the visitor’s side,

about how many people sat in each of these sections

3,544 ÷ 8

basic fact to estimate

32 ÷ 8 = 4

320 ÷ 8 = 400

Question 18.

**Multi-Step** If Cade shoots 275 free throw baskets in 2 hours, about how many can he shoot in 5 hours?

(A) about 700

(B) about 140

(C) about 660

(D) about 600

Answer:

Option(A)

Explanation:

If Cade shoots 275 free throw baskets in 2 hours,

Number of shoots in 1 hour = 275 ÷ 2 = 137.5

Total shoots in 5 hours = 137.5 x 5 = 687.5

Estimate of 687 is 700.