Practice the questions of **McGraw Hill Math Grade 4 Answer Key PDF** **Pretest** to secure good marks & knowledge in the exams.

**Fill in each blank. Use the best term from the word bank. You may not use every term.**

**Word Bank**

• add

• array

• circle

• denominator

• difference

• divide

• divisor

• equal groups

• equation

• even

• expression

• factors

• fraction

• mental math

• multiples

• multiply

• number line

• numerator

• odd

• product

• quotient

• round

• skip count

• square

• subtract

• sum

• triangle

Question 1.

A(n) ____ is a line that shows numbers in order.

Answer:

number line

Explanation:

representation of numbers such as fractions, integers and whole numbers

laid out evenly on a straight horizontal line.

Question 2.

The number 13 is a(n) ________________ number.

Answer:

odd

Explanation:

The number which is not divided by 2 is an odd number

the remainder will be one.

Question 3.

In the number sentence 4 × 15 = 60, 60 is the ______________

Answer:

product

Explanation:

The product of 4 and 15 is 60

multiplication is represented as product

Question 4.

You can ________________ a number to estimate to the nearest 10 or 100.

Answer:

Round

Explanation:

Rounding a number to the nearest hundred means

to write down the multiple of 100 that is nearest to the number.

Question 5.

When you count 5 – 10 – 15 – 20, you ____.

Answer:

Skip count

Explanation:

5 , 10 , 15 , 20 , 25

is a pattern that is skipping the count by 5

Question 6.

_________________ are multiplied to find a product.

Answer:

Factors

Explanation:

a product that we get when one number is multiplied by another number.

Question 7.

To find _________________ of 5, you multiply numbers by 5.

Answer:

Multiples

Explanation:

Multiplying by fives is the same as counting by fives.

Question 8.

The number 4 is a(n) _________________ number.

Answer:

even number

Explanation:

a whole number that is able to be divided by two into two equal whole numbers

The numbers 0, 2, 4, 6, and 8 are even numbers.

Question 9.

An arrangement of objects into columns and rows is a(n) ______________

Answer:

Array

Explanation:

An array is an arrangement of a set of objects, pictures,

or numbers usually arranged in rows and columns.

Question 10.

When you divide, the answer is called the ____.

Answer:

Quotient

Explanation:

the number resulting from the division of one number by another is the quotient

Question 11.

The answer to a subtraction problem is called the ____

Answer:

Difference

Explanation:

the bigger number is called minuend and the number subtracted from it is called subtrahend.

The answer in subtraction is called **difference**.

Question 12.

A(n) _________________ is a polygon with three sides.

Answer:

Triangle

Explanation:

Triangle has 3 sides and 3 vertices

It has flat surfaces.

Question 13.

A number sentence that shows two equal expressions and an equal sign is called a(n) ____.

Answer:

Equation

Explanation:

the process of equating one thing with another

Question 14.

The _________________ is the number above the fraction bar in a fraction.

Answer:

the numerator

Explanation:

the part of a fraction that is above the line is numerator and

signifies the number to be divided by the denominator

**Write each number in standard form.**

Question 15.

2 tens 8 ones

Answer:

28

Explanation:

20 + 8 = 28

Standard form is a way of writing down very large

or very small numbers easily.

Question 16.

thirty-two

Answer:

32

Explanation:

3 x 10 = 30

30 + 2 = 32

Standard form is a way of writing down very large

or very small numbers easily.

Question 17.

400 + 10 + 6

Answer:

416

Explanation:

400 + 10 = 410

410 + 6 = 416

Standard form is a way of writing down very large

or very small numbers easily.

Question 18.

fourteen

Answer:

14

Explanation:

10 + 4 = 14

Standard form is a way of writing down very large

or very small numbers easily.

Question 19.

3 hundreds 5 tens

Answer:

350

Explanation:

3 x 100 = 300

5 x 10 = 50

300 + 50 = 350

Standard form is a way of writing down very large

or very small numbers easily.

Question 20.

fifty-seven

Answer:

57

Explanation:

5 x 10 = 50

50 + 7 = 57

Standard form is a way of writing down very large

or very small numbers easily.

Question 21.

Answer:

17

Explanation:

10 + 7 = 17

a row of blocks represents as 10

and a single block as 1

Standard form is a way of writing down very large

or very small numbers easily.

Question 22.

Answer:

30

Explanation:

3 x 10 = 30

a row of blocks represents as 10

and a single block as 1

Standard form is a way of writing down very large

or very small numbers easily.

Question 23.

Answer:

24

Explanation:

2 x 10 = 20

20 + 4 = 24

a row of blocks represents as 10

and a single block as 1

Standard form is a way of writing down very large

or very small numbers easily.

**Skip count. Write the missing numbers.**

Question 24.

2, 4, 6, ___, ___, _____,14

Answer:

2, 4, 6, 8 , 10, 12 ,14

Explanation:

The given pattern is skip by 2

6 + 2 = 8

8 + 2 = 10

10 + 2 = 12 are the missing numbers.

Question 25.

10, 20, 30, ___, ___, ___, 70

Answer:

10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70

Explanation:

The given patter is skip by tens

30 + 10 = 40

40 + 10 = 50

50 + 10 = 60 are the missing numbers

Question 26.

25, 30, 35, ___, ____, _____, 55

Answer:

25, 30, 35, 40, 45, 50, 55

Explanation:

The given pattern is skip by five

35 + 5 = 40

40 + 5 = 45

45 + 5 = 50 are the missing numbers.

**Compare each pair of numbers. Write <, >, or = for each.**

Question 27.

125 187

Answer:

125 187

Explanation:

187 is greater than 125

for greater number the mouth will be open.

Question 28.

423,646 423,664

Answer:

423,646 423,664

Explanation:

423,664 is greater than 423,646

for greater number the mouth will be open.

Question 29.

\(\frac{6}{7}\) \(\frac{12}{14}\)

Answer:

\(\frac{6}{7}\) \(\frac{12}{14}\)

Explanation:

The quotient of both the fractions are equal.

so, represented with equal symbol

Question 30.

52 25

Answer:

52 25

Explanation:

52 is greater than 25

so, represented with greater symbol

Question 31.

165 16.5

Answer:

165 16.5

Explanation:

165 is greater than 16.5

so, represented with greater symbol

Question 32.

543 760

Answer:

543 760

Explanation:

543 is lesser than 760

so, represented with lesser symbol

**Add. write the sum**

Question 33.

Answer:

Explanation:

**Ones** Place Value

5 + 5 = 10

Put the 0 in Ones place

Carry the 1 to Tens place

**Tens** Place Value

1 + 4 + 2 = 7

Put the 7 in Tens place

**Hundreds** Place Value

7 + 9 = 16

Put the 6 in Hundreds place

Carry the 1 to Thousands place

**Thousands** Place Value

1 = 1

Put the 1 in Thousands place

Question 34.

Answer:

Explanation:

**Ones** Place Value

9 + 8 = 17

Put the 7 in Ones place

Carry the 1 to Tens place

**Tens** Place Value

1 + 8 + 4 = 13

Put the 3 in Tens place

Carry the 1 to Hundreds place

**Hundreds** Place Value

1 + 2 + 6 = 9

Put the 9 in Hundreds place

**Thousands** Place Value

0 + 3 = 3

Put the 3 in Thousands place

**Ten Thousands** Place Value

9 + 5 = 14

Put the 4 in Ten Thousands place

Carry the 1 to Hundred Thousands place

**Hundred Thousands** Place Value

1 = 1

Put the 1 in Hundred Thousands place

Question 35.

Answer:

Explanation:

**Ones** Place Value

3 + 9 = 12

Put the 2 in Ones place

Carry the 1 to Tens place

**Tens** Place Value

1 + 6 + 0 = 7

Put the 7 in Tens place

**Hundreds** Place Value

4 + 1 = 5

Put the 5 in Hundreds place

**Thousands** Place Value

5 + 8 = 13

Put the 3 in Thousands place

Carry the 1 to Ten Thousands place

**Ten Thousands** Place Value

1 + 1 = 2

Put the 2 in Ten Thousands place

Question 36.

Answer:

Explanation:

**Ones** Place Value

1 + 1 = 2

Put the 2 in Ones place

**Tens** Place Value

0 + 2 = 2

Put the 2 in Tens place

**Hundreds** Place Value

9 + 5 = 14

Put the 4 in Hundreds place

Carry the 1 to Thousands place

**Thousands** Place Value

1 + 0 + 8 = 9

Put the 9 in Thousands place

**Ten Thousands** Place Value

5 + 8 = 13

Put the 3 in Ten Thousands place

Carry the 1 to Hundred Thousands place

**Hundred Thousands** Place Value

1 = 1

Put the 1 in Hundred Thousands place

Question 37.

Answer:

Explanation:

The sum of 913 + 745 + 823 = 2481

Question 38.

Answer:

Explanation:

The sum of 66743 + 78934 + 60293 = 205970

Question 39.

Answer:

Explanation:

The sum of 7769 + 9091 + 7362 = 24222

Question 40.

Answer:

Explanation:

The sum of 534 + 901 + 441 = 1876

**Subtract. write the difference.**

Question 41.

Answer:

932456 – 738575 = 193,881

Explanation:

Question 42.

Answer:

332103 – 98943 = 233160

Explanation:

Question 43.

Answer:

934251 – 83746 = 850505

Explanation:

Question 44.

Answer:

86754 – 86539 = 215

Explanation:

**Round to the nearest thousand to estimate the sum or difference.**

Question 45.

45,567 — 31,339 = _______________

Answer:

45,567 — 31,339 = 14228

Explanation:

Nearest hundred is 14300

Question 46.

93,854 + 59,201 = _____________

Answer:

93,854 + 59,201 = 153055

nearest hundred is 153100

Explanation:

**Round to the nearest hundred to estimate the sum or difference.**

Question 47.

56,710+ 732,820 = _____________

Answer:

Explanation:

56,710+ 732,820 = 789500

is the nearest hundred.

Question 48.

89,560 — 7,431 = ______________

Answer:

89,560 — 7,431 = 82129

Explanation:

Nearest hundred is 82100

**Solve.**

Question 49.

A rectangular yard is 17 meters long and 9 meters wide. What is the perimeter of the yard?

Answer:

52 meter

Explanation:

perimeter of a rectangle p = l x b

p = 17 x 9

p = 52

Question 50.

A pool measures 11 feet long and 9 feet wide. What is the area of the pool?

Answer:

99 feet

Explanation:

Area = l x b

area = 99sq feet

**Find the product.**

Question 51.

12 × 0 = ___

Answer:

0

Explanation:

when a number is multiplied by zero

the product remains as zero

12 x 0 = 0

Question 52.

4 × 12 = ___

Answer:

48

Explanation:

The product of 4 and 12 is 48.

4 x 12 = 48

Question 53.

7 × 9 = ___

Answer:

63

Explanation:

The product of 7 and 9 is 63

7 x 9 = 63

Question 54.

13 3 = ___

Answer:

39

Explanation:

The product of 13 and 3 is 39

13 x 3 = 39

Question 55.

10 × 7 = ___

Answer:

70

Explanation:

The product of 10 and 7 is 70

10 x 7 = 70

Question 56.

23 × 1 = ____

Answer:

23

Explanation:

The product of 23 and 1 is 23

23 x 1 = 23

**Find the quotient.**

Question 57.

124 ÷ 3 = ____

Answer:

quotient = 41

remainder = 1

Explanation:

Question 58.

45 ÷ 9 = ___

Answer:

45 ÷ 9 = 5

Explanation:

9 x 5 = 45

Question 59.

49 ÷ 7 = ___

Answer:

49 ÷ 7 = 7

Explanation:

7 x 7 = 49

Question 60.

144 ÷ 12 = ________

Answer:

quotient = 12

12 x 12 = 144

Explanation:

Question 61.

77 ÷ 7 = _________

Answer:

77 ÷ 7 = 11

Explanation:

7 x 11 = 77

Question 62.

110 ÷ 10 = ______

Answer:

110 ÷ 10 = 11

Explanation:

Question 63.

Which multiplication property is shown in this sentence?

17 × (2 + 4) = (17 × 2) + (17 × 4)

Answer:

Distributive property of multiplication.

Explanation:

17 x 6 = 102

17 x 2 = 34

17 x 4 = 68

34 + 68 = 102

102 = 102

**Identify each number as prime or composite.**

Question 64.

37 _____

Answer:

Prime

Explanation:

a number that is divisible only by itself is a prime

and a number which has more than two factors.

Question 65.

51 ____

Answer:

Composite

Explanation:

a number that is divisible only by itself is a prime

and a number which has more than two factors.

Question 66.

35 ____

Answer:

Composite

Explanation:

a number that is divisible only by itself is a prime

and a number which has more than two factors.

Question 67.

22 ______

Answer:

Composite

Explanation:

a number that is divisible only by itself is a prime

and a number which has more than two factors.

**Find all the factor pairs of each number.**

Question 68.

18 _____

Answer:

1 x 18 = 18

2 x 9 = 18

3 x 6 = 18

Explanation:

1 and 18

2 and 9

3 and 6

Question 69.

23 ___

Answer:

1 x 23 = 23

Explanation:

1 and 23 are the factors

**Solve. Write the expression you used to find the answer.**

Question 70.

Ms. Williams fills a small fishbowl with 6 cups of water. She has a larger aquarium that holds 7 times as much water. How many cups of water will it take to fill the aquarium?

Answer:

7 x 6 = 42 cups of water

Explanation:

Ms. Williams fills a small fishbowl with 6 cups of water.

She has a larger aquarium that holds 7 times as much water.

7 x 6 = 42

it can hold 42 cups of water.

Question 71.

Martha has 12 times as many blue marbles as red marbles. If she has 96 blue marbles, how many red marbles does she have? Use the variable y for the number of red marbles.

Answer:

18 red marbles

Explanation:

let y be the number of red marbles

12 x y = 96

96 ÷ 12 = 18

there are 18 red marbles.

**Write an equivalent fraction for each.**

Question 72.

\(\frac{3}{5}\) _____

Answer:

\(\frac{6}{10}\)

Explanation:

2 x 3 = 6

2 x 5 = 10

Question 73.

\(\frac{40}{88}\) _____

Answer:

\(\frac{5}{11}\)

Explanation:

8 x 5 = 40

8 x 11 = 88

Question 74.

\(\frac{3}{51}\) _____

Answer:

\(\frac{1}{17}\)

Explanation:

3 x 1 = 3

17 x 3 = 51

**Add or subtract. Write your answers in simplest form.**

Question 75.

\(\frac{1}{7}\) + \(\frac{6}{7}\) = ____

Answer:

1

Explanation:

\(\frac{1}{7}\) + \(\frac{6}{7}\) = 1

Question 76.

\(\frac{3}{12}\) + \(\frac{6}{12}\) = ____

Answer:

\(\frac{3}{12}\) + \(\frac{6}{12}\) = \(\frac{3}{4}\)

Explanation:

\(\frac{3}{12}\) + \(\frac{6}{12}\) = \(\frac{9}{12}\)

= \(\frac{3}{4}\)

Question 77.

817\(\frac{11}{13}\) – 353\(\frac{4}{13}\) = ____

Answer:

= 817\(\frac{11}{13}\) – 353\(\frac{4}{13}\)

= \(\frac{10632}{13}\) – 353\(\frac{4}{13}\)

= \(\frac{10632}{13}\) – \(\frac{4593}{13}\)

= \(\frac{6039}{13}\)

= 464\(\frac{7}{13}\)

Explanation:

817\(\frac{11}{13}\) – 353\(\frac{4}{13}\) = 464\(\frac{7}{13}\)

**Look at each pattern. Draw the missing shape.**

Question 78.

Answer:

Explanation:

one dot a circles and a square is in the pattern

after a dot circle is in the pattern

Question 79.

Answer:

Explanation:

In the given patter

a square followed by 2 rectangles is the pattern

so, a square is missing

Question 80.

Answer:

Explanation:

In the given pattern 2 triangles then a orange square and

a blue square is in the pattern

after blue square orange square is missing

**write the name of each figure.**

Question 81.

______

Answer:

square

Explanation:

A square is a 2d figure it has 4 sides and 4 vertices

all the sides are equal

Question 82.

________

Answer:

Triangle

Explanation:

A triangle has 3 sides and 3 vertices

Question 83.

________

Answer:

Circle

Explanation:

Circle has a curved surface

Question 84.

Answer:

Rectangle

Explanation:

Rectangle has 4 sides and 4 vertices

opposite sides are equal.

**Read each pair of amounts. Place a check mark beside the greater amount.**

Question 85.

___ 55inches ___ 4feet

Answer:

55 inches

Explanation:

55 inches is greater than 4 feet

1 feet = 12 inches

4 x 12 = 48 inches

Question 86.

___ 500ounces ___ 300pounds

Answer:

300 pounds

Explanation:

1 pound = 16 ounces

pounds are greater than ounces.

**Solve and explain.**

Question 87.

Is the sum of 67+ 29 equal to the sum of 29 + 67? Explain how you know.

Answer:

Yes

Explanation:

67 + 29 = 96

29 + 67 = 96

Commutative property says that the sum remains sum

if we change the order of the numbers.

Question 88.

Franz says that 4 × 5 = 20, so 4 × 500 = 200.

Is Franz correct? ______________________

Why or why not? _______________________

Answer:

No.

Explanation:

4 x 5 = 20

then 4 x 500 = 2000

he missed a zero while multiplying

**The graph shows the number of students practicing the guitar, the drums, the piano, and the trumpet at a small music school.**

Question 89.

Which instrument is practiced by the greatest number of students?

Answer:

Drums

Explanation:

Drums is practiced by the greatest number of students

Question 90.

Which instrument is practiced by the least number of students?

Answer:

Piano

Explanation:

Piano is practiced by the least number of students

Question 91.

How many students practice the trumpet?

Answer:

9

Explanation:

9 students practice the trumpet

Question 92.

How many more students practice the drums than the trumpet?

Answer:

6 more students

Explanation:

Students practiced the drum = 15

Students practiced the Trumpet = 9

15 – 9 = 6