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## Texas Go Math Grade 6 Lesson 10.1 Answer Key Exponents

**Texas Go Math Grade 6 Lesson 10.1 Explore Activity Answer Key**

**Identifying Repeated Multiplication**

A real-world problem may involve repeatedly multiplying a factor by itself.

**A scientist observed the hourly growth of bacteria and recorded his observations in a table.**

(A) Complete the table. What pattern(s) do you see in the Total bacteria column?

(B) Complete each statement.

At 2 hours, the total is equal to the product of two 2s.

At 3 hours, the total is equal to the product of ___________________ 2s.

At 4 hours, the total is equal to the product of ___________________ 2s.

**Reflect**

Question 1.

Communicate Mathematical Ideas How is the time, in hours, related to the number of times 2 is used as a factor?

Answer:

The number of times 2 is used as a factor is equal to the time in hours. It can be seen that when t = 1, 2 is used only once, while when t = 2, 2 is used twice and so on.

**Your Turn**

**Use exponents to write each expression.**

Question 2.

4 × 4 × 4

Answer:

4 × 4 × 4

Find the base, or the numbers being multiplied. The base is 4.

Find the exponent by counting the number of 4s being multiplied.

The exponent is 3.

Final Solution:

= 4^{3}

Question 3.

6 = ___________

Answer:

6

Find the base, or the numbers being multiplied. The base is 6.

Find the exponent by counting the number of 6s being multiplied.

The exponent is 1

Final Solution:

Question 4.

\(\frac{1}{8}\) × \(\frac{1}{8}\)

Answer:

\(\frac{1}{8}\) × \(\frac{1}{8}\)

Find the base, or the numbers being multiplied. The base is \(\frac{1}{8}\).

Find the exponent by counting the number of times \(\frac{1}{8}\) appears in the expression.

The exponent is 2

Final Solution:

Question 5.

5 × 5 × 5 × 5 × 5 × 5

Answer:

5 × 5 × 5 × 5 × 5 × 5

Find the base, or the numbers being multiplied. The base is 5.

Find the exponent by counting the number of 6s being multiplied.

The exponent is 6.

Final Solution:

**Your Turn**

**Find the value of each power.**

Question 6.

3^{4} ____________

Answer:

Solution to this example is given below = 3^{4}

Identify the base and the exponent.

The base s 3, and the exponent is 4

Final Solution:

Evaluate: 3^{4} = 3 × 3 × 3 × 3 = 81

Question 7.

(- 1)^{9} ___________

Answer:

Simplify the given expression by identifying the base and exponent

The base is – 1 and the exponent is 9

= (- 1) ∙ (- 1) ∙ (- 1) ∙ (- 1) ∙ (- 1) ∙ (- 1) ∙ (- 1) ∙ (- 1) ∙ (- 1) multiply the case by itself nine times

= – 1

The value of the expression is – 1.

Question 8.

\(\left(\frac{2}{5}\right)^{3}\) _____________

Answer:

Solution to this example is given below = \(\left(\frac{2}{5}\right)^{3}\)

Identify the base and the exponent.

The base is \(\frac{2}{5}\), and the exponent is 3

Final Solution:

Evaluate: \(\left(\frac{2}{5}\right)^{3}=\left(\frac{2}{5}\right) \times\left(\frac{2}{5}\right) \times\left(\frac{2}{5}\right)=\frac{8}{125}\)

Question 9.

– 12^{2} ___________

Answer:

Simplify the given expression by identifying the base and exponent.

The base is 12 and the exponent is 2.

= – (12 × 12) multiply the base by itself twice

= – 144

The value of the expression is – 144

**Texas Go Math Grade 6 Lesson 10.1 Guided Practice Answer Key**

Question 1.

Complete the table.

Answer:

Exponential form | Product | Simplified Product |

5^{1} |
5 | 5 |

5^{2} |
5 × 5 | 25 |

5^{3} |
5 × 5 × 5 | 125 |

5^{4} |
5 × 5 × 5 × 5 | 625 |

5^{5} |
5 × 5 × 5 × 5 × 5 | 3125 |

**Use an exponent to write each expression.**

Question 2.

Answer:

6 × 6 × 6

Find the base, or the numbers being multiplied The base is 6

Find the exponent by counting the number of 6s being multiplied.

The exponent is 3.

Final Solution:

Question 3.

10 × 10 × 10 × 10 × 10 × 10 × 10

Answer:

10 × 10 × 10 × 10 × 10 × 10 × 10

Find the base, or the numbers being multiplied The base is 10

Find the exponent by counting the number of 6s being multiplied.

The exponent is 7.

Final Solution:

Question 4.

\(\frac{3}{4} \times \frac{3}{4} \times \frac{3}{4} \times \frac{3}{4} \times \frac{3}{4}\)

Answer:

Solution to this example is given below

\(\frac{3}{4} \times \frac{3}{4} \times \frac{3}{4} \times \frac{3}{4} \times \frac{3}{4}\)

Find the base, or the numbers being multiplied The base is \(\frac{3}{4}\)

Find the exponent by counting the number of \(\frac{3}{4}\) appears in.

the expression. The exponent is 5.

Final Solution:

Question 5.

\(\frac{7}{9} \times \frac{7}{9} \times \frac{7}{9} \times \frac{7}{9} \times \frac{7}{9} \times \frac{7}{9} \times \frac{7}{9} \times \frac{7}{9}\)

Answer:

Solution to this example is given below

\(\frac{7}{9} \times \frac{7}{9} \times \frac{7}{9} \times \frac{7}{9} \times \frac{7}{9} \times \frac{7}{9} \times \frac{7}{9} \times \frac{7}{9}\)

Find the base, or the numbers being multiplied The base is \(\frac{7}{9}\)

Find the exponent by counting the number of \(\frac{7}{9}\) appears in.

the expression. The exponent is 5.

Final Solution:

Find the value of each power.

Question 6.

8^{3}

Answer:

Solution to this example is given below 8^{3}

Identify the base and the exponent

The base is 8, and the exponent is 3

Final Solution:

Evaluate: 8^{3} = 8 × 8 × 8 = 512

Question 7.

7^{4}

Answer:

Solution to this example is given below 7^{4}

Identify the base and the exponent

The base is 7, and the exponent is 4

Final Solution:

Evaluate: 7^{4} = 7 × 7 × 7 × 7 = 2401

Question 8.

10^{3}

Answer:

Solution to this example is given below 10^{3}

Identify the base and the exponent

The base is 10, and the exponent is 3

Final Solution:

Evaluate: 10^{3} = 10 × 10 × 10 = 1000

Question 9.

\(\left(\frac{1}{4}\right)^{2}\)

Answer:

Solution to this example is given below \(\left(\frac{1}{4}\right)^{2}\)

Identify the base and the exponent

The base is \(\frac{1}{4}\), and the exponent is 4

Final Solution:

Evaluate: \(\left(\frac{1}{4}\right)^{2}=\left(\frac{1}{4}\right) \times\left(\frac{1}{4}\right)=\frac{1}{16}\)

Question 10.

\(\left(\frac{1}{3}\right)^{3}\)

Answer:

Solution to this example is given below \(\left(\frac{1}{3}\right)^{3}\)

Identify the base and the exponent

The base is \(\frac{1}{3}\), and the exponent is 3

Final Solution:

Evaluate: \(\left(\frac{1}{3}\right)^{3}=\left(\frac{1}{3}\right) \times\left(\frac{1}{3}\right) \times\left(\frac{1}{3}\right)=\frac{1}{27}\)

Question 11.

\(\left(\frac{6}{7}\right)^{2}\)

Answer:

Solution to this example is given below \(\left(\frac{6}{7}\right)^{2}\)

Identify the base and the exponent

The base is \(\frac{6}{7}\), and the exponent is 2

Final Solution:

Evaluate: \(\left(\frac{6}{7}\right)^{2}=\left(\frac{6}{7}\right) \times\left(\frac{6}{7}\right)=\frac{36}{49}\)

Question 12.

0.8^{2}

Answer:

Solution to this example is given below 0.8^{2}

Identify the base and the exponent

The base is 0.8, and the exponent is 2

Final Solution:

Evaluate: 0.8^{2} = 0.8 × 0.8 = 0.64

Question 13.

0.5^{3}

Answer:

Solution to this example is given below 0.5^{3}

Identify the base and the exponent

The base is 0.5, and the exponent is 3

Final Solution:

Evaluate: 0.5^{3} = 0.5 × 0.5 × 0.5 = 0.125

Question 14.

1.1^{2}

Answer:

Solution to this example is given below 1.1^{2}

Identify the base and the exponent

The base is 1.1, and the exponent is 2

Final Solution:

Evaluate: 1.1^{2} =1.1 × 1.1 = 1.21

Question 15

8^{0}

Answer:

Given expression 8^{0}

Any power raised to exponent 0 is always equal to 1, therefore:

8^{0} = 1

Question 16.

12^{1}

Answer:

Given expression 12^{1}

Any power raised to exponent 1 is equal to the base of the given power, therefore

12^{1} = 12

Question 17.

\(\left(\frac{1}{2}\right)^{0}\)

Answer:

Given expression \(\left(\frac{1}{2}\right)^{0}\)

Any power raised to exponent 0 is always equal to 1, therefore:

\(\left(\frac{1}{2}\right)^{0}\) = 1

Question 18.

(- 2)^{3}

Answer:

Simplify the given expression by identifying the base and exponent

The base is – 2 and the exponent is 3.

= (- 2) × (- 2) × (- 2) multiply the base by itself three times

= – 8

The value of the expression is – 8

Question 19.

\(\left(-\frac{2}{5}\right)^{2}\)

Answer:

Simplify the given expression by identifying the base and exponent

The base is \(\left(-\frac{2}{5}\right)^{2}\) and the exponent is 2.

= \(\left(-\frac{2}{5}\right) \times\left(-\frac{2}{5}\right)\) multiply the base by itself three times

= \(\frac{4}{25}\)

The value of the expression is \(\frac{4}{25}\)

Question 20.

– 9^{2}

Answer:

Simplify the given expression by identifying the base and exponent

The base is 9 and the exponent is 2.

= – (9 × 9) multiply the base by itself three times

= – 81

The value of the expression is – 81

**Essential Question Check-In**

Question 21.

How do you use an exponent to represent a number such as 16?

Answer:

The number 16 is written as its factors: 16 = 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 which can be condensed to a power as 2^{4}.

The number 16 is written as it other factor: 16 = 4 × 4 which can be condensed to a power as 4^{2},

16 = 2^{4} = 4^{2}

**Write the missing exponent.**

Question 22.

Answer:

Solution to this example is given below

100 = 10^{x}

100 = 10^{2} (Convert 100 to base 10)

10^{2} = 10^{x} (Divide both sides by 10)

2 = x

x = 2

100 = 10^{2}

The missing exponent is 2

Question 23.

Answer:

Solution to this example is given below

8 = 2^{x}

8 = 2^{3} (Convert 8 to base 2)

2^{3} = 2^{x} (Divide both sides by 2)

3 = x

x = 3

8 = 2^{3}

The missing exponent is 3

Question 24.

Answer:

Solution to this example is given below

25 = 5^{x}

25 = 5^{2} (Convert 25 to base 5)

5^{2} = 5^{x} (Divide both sides by 5)

2 = x

x = 2

25 = 5^{2}

The missing exponent is 2

Question 25.

Answer:

Solution to this example is given below

27 = 3^{x}

27 = 3^{3} (Convert 27 to base 3)

3^{3} = 3^{x} (Divide both sides by 3)

3 = x

x = 3

27 = 3^{3}

The missing exponent is 3

Question 26.

Answer:

Given expression:

\(\left(\frac{1}{169}\right)=\left(\frac{1}{13}\right)^{x}\)

Rewrite the given expression by writing the left hand side of the equation as a power of base \(\left(\frac{1}{13}\right)\), therefore:

\(\left(\frac{1}{13}\right)^{2}=\left(\frac{1}{13}\right)^{x}\)

Now the bases are same, so compare the exponents to evaluate x, therefore:

x = 2

So the expression becomes:

\(\left(\frac{1}{169}\right)=\left(\frac{1}{13}\right)^{2}\)

Question 27.

Answer:

Given expression:

14 = 14^{x}

Since the number on both sides of the equation is same, this implies that x = 1

So the expression becomes:

14 = 14^{1}

Question 28.

Answer:

Solution to this example is given below

32 = 2^{x}

32 = 2^{5} (Convert 32 to base 2)

2^{5} = 2^{x} (Divide both sides by 2)

5 = x

x = 5

32 = 2^{5}

The missing exponent is 5

Question 29.

Answer:

Solution to this example is given below

\(\frac{64}{81}=\left(\frac{8}{9}\right)^{x}\)

\(\frac{64}{81}=\left(\frac{8}{9}\right)^{2}\) (Convert \(\frac{64}{81}\) to base \(\frac{8}{9}\))

\(\left(\frac{8}{9}\right)^{2}=\left(\frac{8}{9}\right)^{x}\) (Divide both sides by \(\frac{8}{9}\))

2 = x

x = 2

\(\frac{64}{81}=\left(\frac{8}{9}\right)^{2}\)

The missing exponent is 2

**Write the missing base.**

Question 30.

Answer:

Solution to this example is given below

1000 = x^{3}

1000 = 10^{3} (Convert 1000 to base 10)

10^{3} = x^{3}

10 = x

x = 10

1000 = 10^{3}

The missing base is 10

Question 31.

Answer:

Solution to this example is given below

256 = x^{4}

256 = 4^{4} (Convert 256 to base 4)

4^{4} = x^{4}

4 = x

x = 4

256 = 4^{4}

The missing base is 4

Question 32.

Answer:

Solution to this example is given below

16 = x^{4}

16 = 2^{4} (Convert 16 to base 2)

2^{4} = x^{4}

2 = x

x = 2

16 = 2^{4}

The missing base is 2

Question 33.

Answer:

Solution to this example is given below

9 = x^{2}

9 = 3^{2} (Convert 9 to base 3)

3^{2} = x^{2}

3 = x

x = 3

9 = 3^{2}

The missing base is 3

Question 34.

Answer:

Solution to this example is given below

\(\frac{1}{9}\) = x^{2}

\(\frac{1}{9}\) (Convert \(\frac{1}{9}\) to base \(\frac{1}{3}\))

\(\left(\frac{1}{3}\right)^{2}\) = x^{2}

\(\frac{1}{3}\) = x

x = \(\left(\frac{1}{3}\right)^{2}\)

\(\frac{1}{9}=\left(\frac{1}{3}\right)^{2}\)

The missing base is \(\frac{1}{3}\).

Question 35.

Answer:

Solution to this example is given below

729 = x^{2}

729 = 8^{2} (Convert 729 to base 9)

9^{3} = x^{2}

9 = x

x = 9

729 = 9^{3}

The missing base is 9

Question 36.

Answer:

Solution to this example is given below

\(\frac{9}{16}\) = x^{2}

\(\frac{9}{16}=\left(\frac{3}{4}\right)^{2}\) (Convert \(\frac{9}{16}\) to base \(\frac{3}{4}\))

\(\left(\frac{3}{4}\right)^{2}\) = x^{2}

\(\frac{3}{4}\) = x

x = \(\left(\frac{3}{4}\right)\)

\(\frac{9}{16}=\left(\frac{3}{4}\right)^{2}\)

The missing base is \(\frac{3}{4}\).

Question 37.

Answer:

Solution to this example is given below

729 = x^{3}

729 = 9^{3} (Convert 729 to base 9)

8^{2} = x^{2}

8 = x

x = 8

64 = 8^{2}

The missing base is 8

Question 38.

Hadley’s softball team has a phone tree in case a game is canceled. The coach calls 3 players. Then each of those players calls 3 players, and soon. How many players will be notified during the third round of calls?

Answer:

1st round = 3 = 3^{1} = 3

2nd round = 3 × 3 = 3^{2} = 9

3rd round = 3 × 3 × 3 = 3^{3} = 27

On the third round of calls, 27 players were notified

Question 39.

Tim is reading a book. On Monday he reads 3 pages. On each day after that, he reads triple the number of pages as the previous day. How many pages does he read on Thursday?

Answer:

Monday – 3 = 3^{1} = 3

Tuesday – 3 × 3 = 3^{2} = 9

Wednesday – 3 × 3 × 3 = 3^{3} = 27

Thursday – 3 × 3 × 3 × 3 = 3^{4} = 81

Tim was able to read 81 pages on Thursday.

Question 40.

Which power can you write to represent the area of the square shown? Write the power as an expression with a base and an exponent, and then find the area of the square.

Answer:

Determine the area of the square.

A = s^{2} formula to get the area of a square

A = (8.5)^{2} substitute for the given values

Identify the base and the exponent

The base is 8.5 and the exponent is 2.

= 8.5 mm × 8.5 mm multiply the base by itself twice

= 72.25 mm^{2} area of the square

The area of the square is 72.25 mm^{2}

Question 41.

Antonia is saving for a video game. On the first day, she saves two dollars in her piggy bank. Each day after that, she doubles the number of dollars she saved on the previous day. How many dollars does she save on the sixth day?

Answer:

- 1st day – 2 = 2
^{1}= 82 - 2nd clay – 2 × 2 = 2
^{2}= $1 - 3rd day – 2 × 2 × 2 = 2
^{3}= $8 - 4th day – 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 = 2
^{4}= $16 - 5th day – 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 = 2
^{5}= $32 - 6th day – 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 = 2
^{6}= $64

Antonia saved $64 on the sixth day.

Question 42.

A certain colony of bacteria triples in length every 10 minutes. Its length is now 1 millimeter. How long will it be in 40 minutes?

Answer:

- 0 minutes = 1 mm
- 10 minutes = 1 × 3 = 3
^{1}= 3 mm - 20 minutes = 3 × 3 = 3
^{2}= 9 mm - 30 minutes = 3 × 3 × 3 = 3
^{3}= 27 mm - 40 minutes = 3 × 3 × 3 × 3 = 3
^{4}= 81 mm

After 40 minutes, the length of the bacteria will be 81 mm.

Question 43.

Write a power represented with a positive base and a positive exponent whose value is less than the base.

Answer:

The base is 4 and the exponent is \(\frac{1}{2}\).

Evaluate:

\(4^{\frac{1}{2}}\) = √4 = 2

The expression is \(4^{\frac{1}{2}}\) = 2.

Question 44.

Which power can you write to represent the volume of the cube shown?

Write the power as an expression with a base and an exponent, and then find the volume of the cube.

Answer:

Determine the volume of the cube.

V = s^{3} formula to get the volume of a cube

\(\left(\frac{1}{3}\right)^{3}\) = substitute for the given values

Identify the base and the exponent

The base is \(\frac{1}{3}\) and the exponent is 3

= \(\frac{1}{3}\) in × \(\frac{1}{3}\) in × \(\frac{1}{3}\) in multiply the base by itself thrice

= \(\frac{1}{27}\) in volume of the cube

The volume of the cube is \(\frac{1}{27}\) in^{3}

**H.O.T. Focus On Higher Order Thinking**

Question 45.

**Communicate Mathematical Ideas** What is the value of 1 raised to the power of any exponent? What is the value of 0 raised to the power of any nonzero exponent? Explain.

Answer:

When 1 is raised to any number, the value of that expression is always equal to 1 because of its identity property. (1^{n} = 1)

When 0 is raised to any nonzero exponent, the value of that expression is always zero because of its zero property. (0^{n} = 0 where: n > 0)

The va1ue of 1^{n} = 1 while the value of 0^{n} = 0

Question 46.

**Look for a Pattern** Find the values of the powers in the following pattern: 10^{1}, 10^{2}, 10^{3}, 10^{4} ……. 10^{6} Describe the pattern, and use it to evaluate 106 without using multiplication.

Answer:

Given pattern: 10^{1}, 10^{2}, 10^{3}, when expanded according to rules of power expansion reveals the pattern: 10, 100, 1000. 10000…. and according to this 10^{6} = 1000000

Question 47.

**Critical Thinking** Some numbers can be written as powers of different bases. For example, 81 = 9^{2} and 81 = 3^{4}. Write the number 64 using three different bases.

Answer:

Write the given number as a product of it factor 2, therefore:

64 = 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 = 2^{6}

Write the given number as a product of it factor 4, therefore:

64 = 4 × 4 × 4 = 4^{3}

Write the given number as a product of it factor 8, therefore:

64 = 8 × 8 = 8^{2}

64 = 2^{6} = 4^{3} = 8^{2}

Question 48.

**Justify Reasoning** Oman said that it ¡s impossible to raise a number to the power of 2 and get a negative value. Do you agree with Oman? Why or why not?

Answer:

It is possible to have a negative value when a number is raised to the power of 2. It is when the base has a negative sign outside the parenthesis like – (2) When the given expression will be evaluated, it will be – (2 × 2) which will give a result of – 4