Texas Go Math Grade 4 Lesson 12.2 Answer Key Find a Rule

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Texas Go Math Grade 4 Lesson 12.2 Answer Key Find a Rule

Essential Question

How can you write the rule for a function?
Answer:
A function is a rule which relates the values of one variable quantity to the values of another variable quantity, and does so in such a way that the value of the second variable quantity is uniquely determined by the value of the first variable quantity.

Unlock the Problem

A server at a restaurant is setting up tables for a large group. One table has 4 chairs. Two tables have 8 chairs. Three tables have 12 chairs. Four tables have 16 chairs, and so on. How many chairs are at 5 tables?

  • Underline the information you will use.
  • Circle the numbers of chairs.

Texas Go Math Grade 4 Lesson 12.2 Answer Key Find a Rule 1

You can use an input/output table to show a pattern. A pattern is called a function when one quantity depends on the other. The number of chairs that can be used depends on the number of tables used. You can write a rule to describe the relationship between the inputs and outputs of a function.
Texas Go Math Grade 4 Lesson 12.2 Answer Key Find a Rule 2

Use a table to write a rule.

ERROR Alert: A rule must work for each pair of numbers in the function table. Be sure to test your rule for each pair of numbers.

STEP 1 Complete the input/output table.
Answer:

Explanation:
Rule: Multiply by 4
Input t = 1, 2, 3, 4
Output s = t x 4

STEP 2 Describe the relationship between tables and chairs.
Texas Go Math Grade 4 Lesson 12.2 Answer Key Find a Rule 3
The number of chairs is __________ times the number of tables.
Answer:
s = t x 4
The number of chairs is 4 times the number of tables.
Explanation:
Rule: Multiply by 4
Input t = 1, 2, 3, 4
Output s = t x 4

STEP 3 Find a rule. Use an expression to write your rule.
Think: Use t for the number of tables.
Rule: The number of chairs is __________ × __________.
Answer:
Rule: The number of chairs is t × 4

Explanation:
Rule: Multiply by 4
Input t = 1, 2, 3, 4
Output s = t x 4

STEP 4 Use the rule to find the number of chairs at 5 tables.
The number of chairs at 5 tables is 5 × __________.
So, there are __________ chairs at 5 tables.
Answer:
The number of chairs at 5 tables is 5 × 4
So, there are 20 chairs at 5 tables.
Explanation:
Rule: Multiply by 4
Input t = 5
Output s = t x 4
s = 5 x 4 = 20

Math Talk

Mathematical Processes
Explain how you can use the rule to find the number of chairs at 8 tables.
Answer:
The number of chairs at 8 tables is 4 × 8
So, there are 32 chairs at 8 tables.

Examples

(A) Find a rule. Use your rule to write an expression.
Texas Go Math Grade 4 Lesson 12.2 Answer Key Find a Rule 4
The output is __________ more than the input.
Use __________ for the input.
Rule: The output is __________ + __________.
Answer:
The output is 3 more than the input.
Use b for the input.
Rule: The output is b + 3

Explanation:
Rule: Add 3
Input b = 2, 4, 6, 8
Output c = b + 3

(B) Use the rule to complete the input/output table.
Rule: The output is n ÷ 2.
Texas Go Math Grade 4 Lesson 12.2 Answer Key Find a Rule 5
Answer:
Rule: The output is n ÷ 2.

Explanation:
Rule: The output is n ÷ 2.
Input n = 2, 4, 6, 8, 10
Output p = n ÷ 2

Share and Show

Question 1.
Use the input/output table to show the pattern. Find a rule.
Texas Go Math Grade 4 Lesson 12.2 Answer Key Find a Rule 6
Texas Go Math Grade 4 Lesson 12.2 Answer Key Find a Rule 7
Rule: The number of square is __________ + ___________ .
Answer:

Rule: The number of square is t + 2
Explanation:
Input t = 1, 2, 3, 4
Output s = t + 2
s = t + 2
s = 1 + 2 = 3
s = 2 + 2 = 4
s = 3 + 2 = 5
s = 4 + 2 = 6

Use the rule to complete the input/output table.

Go Math Grade 4 Lesson 12.2 Answer Key Question 2.
Rule: The output is n – 5.
Texas Go Math Grade 4 Lesson 12.2 Answer Key Find a Rule 8
Answer:

Explanation:
Rule: The output is n – 5.
n = 10, 20, 30 ,40
p = n -5
p = 10 – 5 = 5
p = 20 – 5 = 15
p = 30 – 5 = 25
p = 40 – 5 = 35

Math Talk

Mathematical Processes
Explain how you can find a rule.
Answer:
A function is a rule which relates the values of one variable quantity to the values of another variable quantity, and does so in such a way that the value of the second variable quantity is uniquely determined by the value of the first variable quantity.

Find a rule. Use your rule to write an expression.

Question 3.
Texas Go Math Grade 4 Lesson 12.2 Answer Key Find a Rule 9
Rule: _________________
Answer:
Rule: The output is y + 4
Explanation:
output y = 1, 2, 3, 4
input z = y + 4
z = 1 + 4 = 5
z = 2 + 4 = 6
z = 3 + 4 = 7
z = 4 + 4 = 8

Question 4.
Texas Go Math Grade 4 Lesson 12.2 Answer Key Find a Rule 10
Rule: _________________
Answer:
Rule: The output is b x 2
Explanation:
Rule: Multiply by 3 to the first term
Output b = 1, 2, 3, 4
Input c = b x 2
c = 1 x 2 = 2
c = 2 x 2 = 4
c = 3 x 2 = 6
c = 4 x 2 = 8

Problem Solving

Question 5.
Record Use the food pyramid to complete the input/output table below. Find a rule that tells how many cups of milk a child should drink in d days.
Texas Go Math Grade 4 Lesson 12.2 Answer Key Find a Rule 12
Texas Go Math Grade 4 Lesson 12.2 Answer Key Find a Rule 11
Answer:
c = d x 3
cups of milk a child should drink in d days.

Explanation:
Rule: Multiply by 3 to the d term
Output c = 2, 3, 4,5
Input c = d x 3
c = 2 x 3 = 6
c = 3 x 3 = 9
c = 4 x 3 = 12
c = 5 x 3 = 15

4th Grade Lesson 12.2 Input and Output Tables Question 6.
One gallon of water is equivalent to 4 quarts of water. You can write a rule to show this.

Let g represent the number of gallons of water, the input, and let q represent the total number of quarts of water, the output.

Rule: The number of quarts is g × 4.
Use the rule to complete the input/output table.
Texas Go Math Grade 4 Lesson 12.2 Answer Key Find a Rule 13
Answer:
Rule: Multiply by 4

Explanation:
Rule: Multiply by 4
g = 1,2, 3, 4, 6
q = g x 4
q = 1 x 4 = 4
q = 2 x 4 = 8
q = 3 x 4 = 12
q = 4 x 4 = 16

Question 7.
Texas Go Math Grade 4 Lesson 12.2 Answer Key Find a Rule 14
H.O.T. Analyze One gallon of water equals 4 quarts of water and 1 quart of water equals 2 pints of water. How many pints of water equal 1 gallon of water? Explain.
Answer:
1 gallon of water = 8 points of water
Explanation:
One gallon = 4 quarts
1 quarts = 2 points
So, 1 gallon of water = 8 points of water.

Question 8.
H.O.T. Look back at Problem 6. What if there are 36 quarts of water?
How many gallons of water are there? ____________
Answer:
9 gallons of water are there.
Explanation:

g = 1,2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 9
q = g x 4
q = 9 x 4 = 36

Daily Assessment Task

Fill in the bubble completely to show your answer.

Question 9.
Tanya is waiting in line at a skate park There are 4 people in front of her. The input/output table shows the relationship between the number of people (p) in line and the length of time (t) she will wait in line. Which could be a rule for the input/output table?
Texas Go Math Grade 4 Lesson 12.2 Answer Key Find a Rule 15
(A) The output is p + 3.
(B) The output is p × 4.
(C) The output is t – 3.
(D) The output is p× 2.
Answer:
Option(B)
Explanation:
Input p = 1,2, 3, 4, 6
Output t = p x 4
t = 1 x 4 = 4
t = 2 x 4 = 8
t = 3 x 4 = 12
t = 4 x 4 = 16

Question 10.
Use the rule to find the missing number.
What is the missing number?
Texas Go Math Grade 4 Lesson 12.2 Answer Key Find a Rule 16
(A) 21
(B) 8
(C) 7
(D) 2
Answer:
Option(C)
Explanation:
Rule: The output n – 7
n = 12, 14, 16, 18
z = n – 7
z = 12 – 7 = 5
z = 14 – 7 = 7
z = 16 – 7 = 9
z = 18 – 7 = 11

Go Math 4th Grade Lesson 12.2 Answer Key Question 11.
Multi-Step In a photo album, one page holds 4 photographs. Two pages hold 8 photographs. Three pages hold 12 photographs. Four pages hold 16 photographs, and so on. How many photographs do 5 pages hold?
Texas Go Math Grade 4 Lesson 12.2 Answer Key Find a Rule 17
(A) 5
(B) 18
(C) 24
(D) 20
Answer:
Option(D)
Explanation:
Rule: Multiply by 4
Input a = 1, 2, 3, 4
Output p = a x 4
p = 1 x 4 = 4
p = 2 x 4 = 8
p = 3 x 4 = 12
p = 4 x 4 = 16

TEXAS Test Prep

Question 12.
Maggie runs the same distance every week. She made the input/output table to show how many miles (m) she will run in w weeks. Which rule Output works for the input/output table?
Texas Go Math Grade 4 Lesson 12.2 Answer Key Find a Rule 18
(A) The output is w + 6.
(B) The output is w ÷ 2.
(C) The output is w × 3.
(D) The output is w ÷ 3.
Answer:
Option(C)
Explanation:
Rule: The output is w × 3.
w = 3, 4, 6, 8
Input m = w x 3
m = 3 x 3 = 9
m = 4 x 3 = 12
m = 6 x 3 = 18
m = 8 x 3 = 24

Texas Go Math Grade 4 Lesson 12.2 Homework and Practice Answer Key

Use the rule to complete the input/output table.

Question 1.
Rule: The output is n + 3.
Texas Go Math Grade 4 Lesson 12.2 Answer Key Find a Rule 19
Answer:
Rule: The output is n + 3

Explanation:
Rule: The output is n + 3.
n = 1, 2, 3, 4
p = n + 3
p = 1 + 3 = 4
p = 2 + 3 = 5
p = 3 + 3 = 6
p = 4 + 3 = 7

Question 2.
Rule: The output is n × 5.
Texas Go Math Grade 4 Lesson 12.2 Answer Key Find a Rule 20
Answer:
Rule: The output is n × 5.

Explanation:
Rule: The output is n × 5.
n = 2, 3, 4, 5
z = n x 5
z = 2 x 5 = 10
z = 3 x 5 = 15
z = 4 x 5 = 20
z = 5 x 5 = 25

Question 3.
Rule: The output is f – 4.
Texas Go Math Grade 4 Lesson 12.2 Answer Key Find a Rule 21
Answer:
Rule: The output is f – 4.

Explanation:
Rule: The output is f – 4.
f = 10, 20, 30, 40
s = f – 4
s = 10 – 4 = 6
s = 20 – 4 = 16
s = 30 – 4 = 26
s 40 4 = 36

Question 4.
Rule: The output is x ÷ 10.
Texas Go Math Grade 4 Lesson 12.2 Answer Key Find a Rule 22
Answer:
Rule: The output is x ÷ 10.

Explanation:
Rule: The output is x ÷ 10.
Output x = 100, 200, 300, 400
Input y = x ÷ 10
y = 100 ÷ 10 = 10
y = 200 ÷ 10 = 20
y = 300 ÷ 10 = 30
y = 400 ÷ 10 = 40

Find a rule. Use your rule to write an expression.

Question 5.
Texas Go Math Grade 4 Lesson 12.2 Answer Key Find a Rule 23
Rule: _________________
Answer:
Rule: The Output is y + 5
Explanation:
Output y = 1, 2, 3, 4
Input z = y + 5
z = 1 + 5 = 6
z = 2 + 5 = 7
z = 3 + 5 = 8
Z = 4 + 5 = 9

Question 6.
Texas Go Math Grade 4 Lesson 12.2 Answer Key Find a Rule 24
Rule: __________________
Answer:
Rule: The output is b x 3
Explanation:
Rule: Multiply by 3 to the first term
Output b = 1, 2, 3, 4
Input c = b x 3
c = 1 x 3 = 3
c = 2 x 3 = 6
c = 3 x 3 = 9
c = 4 x 3 = 12

Problem Solving

Question 7.
One gallon of water is equal to 8 pints of water. Find a rule that tells how many pints of water are in g gallons.
Rule: __________________
Texas Go Math Grade 4 Lesson 12.2 Answer Key Find a Rule 25
Answer:
Rule: The output is g x 8
Explanation:
Rule: Multiply by 8 to the first term
output g = 1, 2, 3, 4
input p = g x 8
p = 1 x 8 =8
p = 2 x 8 =16
p = 3 x 8 =24
p = 4 x 8 =32

Question 8.
One quart of water is equal to 4 cups of water. Find a rule that tells how many cups of water are in q quarts.
Rule: __________________
Texas Go Math Grade 4 Lesson 12.2 Answer Key Find a Rule 26
Answer:
Rule: The output is q x 4
Explanation:
Rule: Multiply by 4 to the first term
output q = 1, 2, 3, 4
input p = g x 8
c = 1 x 4 =4
c = 2 x 4 =86
c = 3 x 4 =12
c = 4 x 4 =16

Lesson Check

Fill in the bubble completely to show your answer.

Question 9.
Use the rule to find the missing number, What is the missing number?
Texas Go Math Grade 4 Lesson 12.2 Answer Key Find a Rule 27
(A) 20
(B) 2
(C) 8
(D) 5
Answer:
Option(C)
Explanation:
Rule: The output is x -6
output x = 10, 12, 14, 16
input y = x – 6
10 – 6 = 4
12 – 6 = 6
14 – 6 = 8
16 – 6 = 10

Question 10.
Which rule could be used for the table?
Texas Go Math Grade 4 Lesson 12.2 Answer Key Find a Rule 28
(A) The output is n + 10.
(B) The output is n × 2.
(C) The output is n – 2.
(D) The output is n – 10.
Answer:
Option(B)
Explanation:
Rule: The output is n x 10
output n = 10, 15, 20, 25
input p = n x 2
p = 10 x 2 = 20
p = 15 x 2 = 30
p = 20 x 2 = 40
p = 25 x 2 = 50

Question 11.
Nikki is making necklaces. The input/ output table shows the relationship between the number of necklaces (n) and the number of heads (b) used.
Texas Go Math Grade 4 Lesson 12.2 Answer Key Find a Rule 29
Which could be a rule for the table?
(A) The output is n × 8.
(B) The output is n + 14.
(C) The output is n + 8.
(D) The output is n – 14.
Answer:
Option(A)
Explanation:
Rule: The output is n x 8
output n = 2, 4, 6, 8
input p = n x 8
b = 2 x 8 = 16
b = 4 x 8 = 32
b = 6 x 8 = 48
b = 8 x 8 = 64

Practice and Homework Lesson 12.2 Answer Key 4th Grade Question 12.
Ken works the same number of hours each week. He made the input/output table to show how many hours (h) he will work in d days.
Texas Go Math Grade 4 Lesson 12.2 Answer Key Find a Rule 30
Which could be a rule for the table?
(A) The output is d – 30.
(B) The output is d ÷ 7.
(C) The output is d × 7.
(D) The output is d + 30.
Answer:
Option(C)
Explanation:
Rule: The output is d x 7
output n = 2, 4, 6, 8
input h = d x 8
h = 5 x 7 = 35
h = 6 x 7 = 42
h = 7 x 7 = 49
h = 8 x 7 = 56

Question 13.
Multi-Step A baker packs cupcakes in boxes to sell. One box holds 6 cupcakes. Two boxes hold 12 cupcakes, and so on. How many cupcakes (c) will the baker need for 4 boxes (b)?
Texas Go Math Grade 4 Lesson 12.2 Answer Key Find a Rule 31
(A) 6
(B) 24
(C) 18
(D) 12
Answer:
Option(B)

Explanation:
Rule: The output is b x 2
output b = 1, 2, 3, 4
input c = n x 6
c = 1 x 6 = 6
c = 2 x 6 = 12
c = 3 x 6 = 18
c = 4 x 6 = 24

Question 14.
Multi-Step Students in a gym class will be divided into 2 teams to play games. For 30 students there will be 15 on each team. For 28 students, there will be 14 on each team, and so on. How many students (t) will be on each team if there are 22 students (s)?
Texas Go Math Grade 4 Lesson 12.2 Answer Key Find a Rule 32
(A) 11
(B) 12
(C) 10
(D) 8
Answer:
Option(A)

Explanation:
Rule: The output is s ÷ 2.
Output s = 30, 28, 24, 22
Input t = s ÷ 2
t = 30 ÷ 2 = 15
t = 28 ÷ 2 = 14
t = 24 ÷ 2 = 12
t = 22 ÷ 2 = 11

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